History of gambling has thousands of years, and almost always the same state tried to deal with them. It began before there was gambling, and people were playing with each other without intermediaries. But even then the rulers found these games extremely harmful, especially the church had a very strong influence on the state.
It called for a complete ban on any gambling, considering it the devil, as well as saying about the drunkenness, theft and profanity. The state was concerned, first and foremost by the fact that compulsive gamblers quit jobs and income from the game did not replenish the state.
Playing cards and dices was banned in medieval France and England many times. There was a staunch opponent of St. Louis, King of France crusader. Even Henry VIII, the English governor, known for his passion to games, was forced to impose a ban on all gambling establishments in the country, because the soldiers were too addicted to games and it could affect the quality of their training and service.
Penalties for gambling and gambling houses were from fines to imprisonment and even the death penalty. However at certain stages, almost all European countries allowed opening gambling houses to replenish the treasury and solve financial problems of the state. However even in the times of fierce punishment for gambling casinos not only did not disappear, but even increased in their number.
It is believed that the first cards appeared in Russia under Ivan the Terrible, although historians disagree. It is known that in the middle of the seventeenth century there was an official ban on card games with punishment. The situation changed to positive for the players during the reign of Peter the Great, who even started the production of cards in Russia. However a game for money was still considered a crime with fining. Thus, gamblers replenished the state twice - by buying cards of domestic production and paying fines for their passion.
In 1761 an exact distinction between gambling and games of skill was introduced.The first category includes lotteries, Orlyanka, Stoos, roulette, betting on horse races and some other games, which result depends solely on luck. The second group included bridge, whist and other games where the results depended on the skill of players. People could play could only commercial games , making small bets, and only at home, but not in public places. Games in the category of gambling were still banned.
Meanwhile, the scope of gambling got unprecedented dimensions. Under Catherine the Great, who was extremely hazardous, everyone played everything. They played for money, buildings, farms, villages and serfs. The first elite gambling houses appeared where the most notable gamblers had flourished pawnshops, there were a lot of cheaters. Then the gambling tax was introduced.
In general, everything developed in the best traditions of Russia. Games of chance were banned, but they were mostly by the nobility, including officials and rulers. Card debt for most people was more important than state laws, and stories related to the card game boggle the imagination. For example, they say that Prince Golitsyn Count Razumovsky lost his wife because he had to divorce officially.
Alexander I allowed opening the Imperial card factory near St. Petersburg and banned import of cards from abroad. Cards were sold at twice the cost and the proceeds were traditionally given to orphanages. This explains why a pelican was printed on the back of cards, it was a symbol of the department of educational institutions. In the same period, articles of legislation were adopted and again prohibited gambling and gambling houses. However playing games for money at home was allowed and a whole list of features characterized gambling houses. Fines for them were up to thousands rubles, an alternative was imprisonment of several months.
However the popularity of gambling only increased. Rich people played in secret clubs and went abroad. Ordinary people indulged this passion even in the markets and cheap brothels. The most eminent players gathered in English hunting clubs. In 1905, after the revolution, gambling was legalized to distract people from thinking about troubles.
In the Soviet Russia the gambling was banned. But needless to say that playing for money was everywhere. Even schoolchildren played different games with coins. Lack of decent gambling houses to try a hand at traditional games, forced to invent more and more games.
In the post-Soviet period, the state allowed to open casinos, but at that time it could not restore the order in the gaming industry, and with the strengthening its power in recent years it has gone to extreme measures. It is quite obvious that gaming zones and inconsistent government policies regarding this business does not allow it to develop. This means that the casinos will continue to be underground, paying bribes to officials and security forces instead of taxes.
Explaining the reluctance of the state to adopt a positive experience of other countries in the gaming industry can only be lobbying their own interests. They prefer to get bribes from illegal casinos than restore the order in this sphere. It is quite obvious that creation of gaming zones in this form of gambling can not meet needs of the population. They will visit the underground Katrana or play in the Internet, where they are welcomed with open arms of hundreds of high-quality, honest and proven online casinos.